Coral Reefs Contain the Most Diverse
Ecosystems on the Planet

Coral reefs are called the Rainforests of the Sea for the rich diversity of marine life they embody. Coral reefs are home to 25% of marine life, yet comprise less than 2% of the ocean floor.
Their benefit is measured in many ways.

Biodiversity & Protection

  • Provide habitats and shelter to a quarter of all marine species on the planet. Scientists estimate that there may be up to eight million undiscovered species of organisms living in and around reefs.
  • Protect coastlines from the damaging effects of wave action, flooding and tropical storms.
  • Offer a source of nitrogen and other essential nutrients for the marine food chain that assists in nutrient recycling and carbon & nitrogen fixing.

Food Source & Income

  • Provide a food source for more than 500 million people. Coral reefs provide spawning grounds for fish and areas for the development of juveniles before they migrate to the open sea.
  • Create a livelihood for millions of individuals and provide goods and services worth an estimated $375 billion each year.
  • Are valued at more than $1 trillion globally, the United Nations estimates.

Medicine & Culture

  • Provide a natural resource for medical ingredients.
  • Create social, cultural and recreational activities, such as those found in our many unique National Parks, World Heritage Areas and the other special places we like to visit.
  • Offer a clear, scientifically-testable record of climatic events that happened over a million years ago including major storms and human impacts recorded by the changes in coral growth patterns.
What We Need to Change

  • Reduce our carbon footprint
  • Lower carbon emissions
  • Reduce pollution
  • Stop overfishing & harmful fishing methods
  • Establish marine reserves, like Ocean Cay MSC Marine Reserve
  • Avoid physical coral reef damage from swimmers & boaters

Help Restore Coral Reefs


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